The damage that tsunamis could cause is expected to rise due to climate change, say researchers who are developing a tsunami early warning system for Europe and investigating the best way to reduce their impact on people and buildings.
Humans have always looked for deeper meaning in imagery; from Disney films, to religious iconography, and the Mona Lisa’s crooked smile. But there is, in fact, a pattern hidden in every digital photograph and video frame — image fingerprints that are being put to novel uses in social media, mobile authentication and criminal forensics.
After a natural disaster strikes, emergency workers can often struggle to cope with destroyed buildings obstructing routes to injured people, fires engulfing entire forests at a bewildering rate, and storms blinding search and rescue operations.
Facial make-up and latex fingers engraved with someone else’s fingerprint used to be enough to fool identification software – but that’s about to change thanks to an EU project which is part of European efforts to beef-up authentication software and network security.
It has implications for autonomous technologies and human collaboration.
New lunar rock analysis provides fuller picture about the origin of water on the moon and on Earth.
We are entering a second era of lunar exploration, says ESA’s Dr David Parker.