The industrial revolution made the world wealthy through a simple idea: to replace the physical labour of humans and animals with energy from fossil fuels. Two-and-a-half centuries after the revolution started, however, it is in trouble. The oil that powers much of the world’s economy is running out, and the greenhouse gases given off by the fuels are harming the planet.
Nature-based solutions are helping Europe adapt to climate change.
Fibre-reinforced plastic ships could replace vessels made of corrosive steel.
Dr Kate Rychert studies ocean plate structures.