Whether it is by heating up tumour cells so they are more susceptible to cancer drugs, or by showing researchers exactly which molecules can stop cancer growing, tiny gold nanoparticles are opening up new avenues in the fight against the disease.
When radioactive materials were first introduced into society, it took a while before scientists understood the risks. The same is true of nanotechnology today, according to Dr Vladimir Baulin, from University Rovira i Virgili, in Tarragona, Spain, who together with colleagues has shown for the first time how nanoparticles can cross biological - or lipid - membranes in a paper published in the journal Science Advances.
Cancer treatments that are personalised to an individual’s tumour cells or body clock, a boost to the hunt for dark matter using new findings from Large Hadron Collider data, and long-distance communications enhanced by augmented reality are just some of the scientific breakthroughs expected by researchers this year.
High-tech algorithms alert crews to potential hijackers.
Coordinating fleets will reduce duplication and inefficiency.
An experimental project could lead to a renewable energy market connecting the EU and North Africa.