Young researchers should pick a question they are really interested in, and then go after it with gusto, says materials scientist Professor Nicola Spaldin, who has been named winner of the 2015 Körber European Science Prize which honours outstanding scientists working in Europe.
A vaccine against the Ebola virus and new low-cost solar cells that use the principle of artificial photosynthesis are some of the predictions made by researchers in Horizon’s poll of major developments this year.
From the galactic to the quantum, the science of invisibility is revealing new ways to manipulate the world, said Professor Ulf Leonhardt, from Israel’s Weizmann Institute, after giving a presentation at TEDxBrussels on 1 December.
Ultra-short bursts of light are helping scientists see the movement of electrons in real time and opening up the possibility of controlling their activity, with potential applications that include super-fast computing and a window into the mechanics of chemical reactions.
Early cancer detection and faster mapping of DNA are just some of the potential applications of fluorescence microscopy, an imaging technique that allows us to peer into the world of individual molecules and earned its inventor Professor Stefan Hell a share of the 2014 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s biggest particle smasher, will look for known unknowns such as dark matter, but also for so-called unknown unknowns that researchers have little idea about. That is according to Professor Fabiola Gianotti, the newly appointed Director-General of CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, which helped identify the Higgs boson.
New paints can store heat and neutralise polluting molecules.
Research is investigating data from sexual violence and tsunami survivors.