A handful of Nobel Prizes and the first-ever comet landing – 2014 was a good year for European Science.
Horizon interviewed Dr Colin Snodgrass at the European Southern Observatory in Chile who explained that the main science from the European Space Agency (ESA)’s Rosetta mission was still to come.
Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), told Horizon that innovation could have a rapid effect on climate change, while Professor Fabiola Gianotti, the incoming director-general of CERN, explained that the Large Hadron Collider would enable scientists to uncover unknown unknowns.
Take a look over Horizon’s year in science and research in our interactive timeline.
The European Union is scaling up its investment in battery technology with the announcement of a €10 million open competition to design a better battery for electric vehicles and a €50 million cash injection to develop Europe's largest green battery factory.
Missions modelled on the 1960s 'moonshot' programme to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade could help make Europe a cool place to do business and unite the public behind European science and innovation, according to Professor Mariana Mazzucato, founder and director of the Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose at University College London, UK, where she holds the chair in the economics of innovation and public value.
Swarms of firefighting drones could one day be deployed to tackle hugely destructive megafires that are becoming increasingly frequent in the Mediterranean region because of climate change, arson and poor landscape management.
The challenge of how to rebuild society following conflict is a difficult question that arises all too frequently, but recent studies have demonstrated that putting people at the centre of the process and enabling cooperation on politically neutral issues can help build peace.
Large fires are increasingly common in the Mediterranean region.
Where does one start to fix a broken society?
Destruction of cultural heritage sites can be a war crime as they form part of people's emotional landscape, according to Dr Margarete van Ess.