A handful of Nobel Prizes and the first-ever comet landing – 2014 was a good year for European Science.
Horizon interviewed Dr Colin Snodgrass at the European Southern Observatory in Chile who explained that the main science from the European Space Agency (ESA)’s Rosetta mission was still to come.
Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), told Horizon that innovation could have a rapid effect on climate change, while Professor Fabiola Gianotti, the incoming director-general of CERN, explained that the Large Hadron Collider would enable scientists to uncover unknown unknowns.
Take a look over Horizon’s year in science and research in our interactive timeline.
Artificial intelligence (AI) and cyber security should be priorities in future EU industrial research policy in order to reinvigorate industry and recover jobs that have been lost abroad, according to Professor Jürgen Rüttgers, a former research minister in Germany.
In 1984, after HIV was identified as the cause of AIDS, the US secretary of health, Margaret Heckler, declared a vaccine would be found within two years. Reports of a mysterious virus predominantly affecting gay men had been growing across the US and, with awareness rising, the World Health Organization had held its first conference to address the global situation earlier that year. But there was still little understanding of how the disease evolved and spread.
From droughts and forest fires to floods and big freezes, extreme weather events are on the rise. But to what extent are these linked to climate change? Just months before the world’s first wind monitoring satellite enters orbit, scientists have finalised a climate model with exceptional resolution, and the new tools will help identify how climate change impacts weather-related natural disasters like storm surges, hurricanes and heatwaves.
Two teams of scientists are racing to develop effective prevention.
Scientists are exploring the link between severe weather and climate change.
Co-author of Stephen Hawking's final paper talks about how their work goes beyond Einstein.