As the European Space Agency’s ExoMars mission begins its six-month journey to the planet, we talk to its director-general Professor Jan Woerner about drilling into the Martian surface and pose the crucial question: is there life on Mars? We also find out how scientists are recycling historic data to create a virtual reality simulation of the planet’s terrain, and explore some of the obstacles to a crewed Martian mission.
Sending astronauts to Mars poses several large challenges, among them a long journey filled with life-threatening radiation from cosmic ray exposure and solar flares. Not to mention the fact that we haven’t yet worked out how to get them back again.
There could have been life under the surface of Mars, according to Prof. Jan Woerner, Director General of the European Space Agency (ESA), which in March is launching its ExoMars mission to find out.
Heart disease kills almost two million people a year in the EU, so it is important to find different ways of keeping your heart healthy. This September, Horizon examines innovative ways of treating heart disease, including electric gene therapy to prevent heart attacks and a miniature heart implant. Plus, we look at how 4D imaging of mice and zebrafish can help regenerate human hearts.
Rare diseases are uncommon, but there are still thousands of different conditions which together affect between 27-36 million people in the EU. This month, Horizon examines the latest efforts to tackle rare diseases as well as new technology to better diagnose uncommon conditions and novel ways to reduce the socioeconomic burden of unusual disorders.
Real-time imaging of embryonic heart growth and regeneration could uncover the cause of adult heart disease and lead to potential treatments, according to Dr Miguel Torres, a developmental biologist at the Spanish National Centre for Cardiovascular Research.
Zebrafish and mice could uncover the cause of adult heart disease.
Smartphones mounted in cars can make mobility more energy efficient.
Ineffective antimalarials are a growing threat.