Science can bring together countries which are in conflict with each other, Europe’s Research Commissioner told an event in Brussels on collaboration between the EU and neighbouring countries.
‘Science is really a common language around the table,’ Carlos Moedas, European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation, told the conference at the European Parliament in Brussels on 31 March.
One concrete example of this is SESAME, a particle accelerator in Jordan that is being built with the support of other countries in the region, including Israel and Palestine.
‘It’s a project that unites the peoples of Iran with the peoples of Israel, of Palestine, of Cyprus, of Turkey, of Egypt, and the EU has contributed a great deal to that,’ Commissioner Moedas told the event, called Building Together Knowledge-orientated and Forward-looking EU Neighbourhood.
‘It holds a great significance at a regional level because it unites people through the elevated language of science, providing local employment and investment.’
The event, which comes just a week and a half after Ukraine became a full member of the EU's research funding programme Horizon 2020, was the first time that the ITRE European Parliament committee on research and the AFET committee on foreign affairs met jointly to discuss research.
Moment of hardship
Becoming part of Horizon 2020 represents an important step towards the EU for the former Soviet country.
‘We all live from the same earth, and we all drink from the same water cycles.’
Carlos Moedas, European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation
‘We know that Ukraine has been going through a unique moment of hardship, and for Ukrainian scientists especially it is and it was a moment in time where they found that they were left alone,’ Commissioner Moedas said. ‘So the fact that the European Union was there for them was extremely important.’
Becoming a full member of Horizon 2020 means that Ukrainian scientists have the same opportunities as researchers in the EU to apply for funding.
‘I do think that Horizon 2020 will be one of the major contributions to the development of the innovative society in Ukraine,’ Ukraine’s First Deputy Minister for Education and Science, Inna Sovsun, told the meeting.
As well as bringing together nations that are in conflict with each other, science diplomacy can address issues which cross borders such as water security. That's important because, as the world warms, researchers fear that there will be shortages of water in the Mediterranean.
‘We all live from the same earth, and we all drink from the same water cycles, we need our neighbours to be close partners in this challenge,’ Commissioner Moedas said.
In today’s digital age, it can feel as though we are drowning in a deluge of data, and the scientific field is no different. According to a 2014 study, one paper is published every 30 seconds, and more than 70 000 papers have been published on a single protein, a tumour suppressor called p53.
You’ve heard of Google, but you probably haven’t heard of Qwant…. yet. This French search engine, based around the concept of privacy, is just one of a number of companies to receive growth finance from the EU to promote innovation and help European companies compete with their American rivals.
Engineers at the Joint European Torus (JET) nuclear fusion experiment could be using augmented reality through Microsoft’s HoloLens technology to see where radiation hotspots are, according to Jonathan Naish, at the UK’s Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, who has developed an award-winning system to check exposure using virtual reality.
He has developed a VR system for radiation exposure.
It’s called solid state.
Bending and stretching 2D materials could help expand our understanding of gravity.